Surrogacy Services and Treatment – Akanksha IVF Centre


What is Surrogacy

Surrogacy is a method of assisted reproduction. The word surrogate originates from the Latin word ‘Surrogatus’ (Substitution) which means to act in the place of. The term surrogacy is used when a woman carries a pregnancy and gives birth to a baby for another woman. Surrogacy today is gaining popularity as this may be the only method for a couple to have their own child and especially since the process of adoption may be a long drawn out process, surrounded by a lot of technicalities.

Types of Surrogacy: There are 2 main types of surrogacy procedures undertaken.

  1. IVF / Gestational Surrogacy.
  2. Traditional / Natural surrogacy.
  1. IVF / Gestational Surrogacy: This is a more common form of surrogacy. In this procedure, a woman carries a fertilized embryo of the genetic couple. The egg of the wife is fertilized in vitro by the husband’s sperms by IVF/ICSI procedure, and the embryo is transferred into the surrogate’s uterus. The surrogate then carries the pregnancy for the complete term of nine months. During this form of surrogacy, the child is not genetically linked to the surrogate mother.
  • When is IVF/ Gestational Surrogacy Advised: Primarily, IVF surrogacy is indicated in women whose ovaries are producing eggs but they do not have a uterus. Following are the possible cases:
    • In women having a congenital absence of uterus.
    • In women where there has been a surgical removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) due to cancer, severe hemorrhage in Caesarian section or a ruptured uterus.
    • In women whose uterus may be malformed or  damaged  or at high risk of rupture or a woman who may be unable to carry pregnancy to term.
    • Women who have repeated miscarriages or have repeated failed IVF cycles may be advised IVF surrogacy in view of unexplained factors which could be responsible for failed implantation and early pregnancy wastage.
    • Women who suffer from medical problems like diabetes, cardio-vascular disorders, or kidney diseases like chronic nephritis, whose long term prospect for health is good but pregnancy would be life threatening.
  1. Traditional / Natural surrogacy: In this form of surrogacy, the surrogate is inseminated through IUI/IVF procedure, which is performed with sperms from the male partner of an infertile couple. The child that results is genetically related to the surrogate and to the male partner but not to the female partner.
  • When is Traditional / Natural Surrogacy Advised:
  • In women where ovaries are not functioning due to premature ovarian failure. In this condition, egg donation can also be an option worth considering.
  • In women who may be at a risk of passing on a genetic disease to her offspring.

Success rate of surrogacy in India:
High success rates and low medical costs are the highlights of surrogate pregnancy in India. The ‘Carry Home Baby Rate or ‘Success Rate’ of surrogacy is around 45% in case of fresh embryos. In case of frozen embryos it is about 25%. No wonder many couples from the US, Australia, the UK, and other European countries seek surrogacy in India. However we at Akanksha IVF Centre, strongly urge upon you not to be fooled by claims of so called ‘High Success Rates’ as claimed by many centers.

Legal aspects of Surrogacy:
Commercial surrogacy has been legal in India since 2002.  India is emerging as a leader in international surrogacy and is a much sought after destination in surrogacy related fertility tourism. Indian surrogates have been increasingly popular with fertile couples from nations because of the relatively low cost as compared to other countries. The legal environment for Surrogacy in India is quite favorable.

Who can be a surrogate:
Surrogates may be relatives, friends or strangers. Many surrogate arrangements are made through agencies that help match up the intended parents with women who want to be surrogates for a specified amount of fee or compensation. The agencies involved often help manage the complex medical and legal aspects involved. Surrogacy arrangements can also be made independently. Careful screening of the surrogate under consideration is needed to assure their health as the gestational carrier involves potential gynecological risks.

Become a Surrogate:
At Akanksha IVF Centre, we ensure that a potential surrogate mother must be in good overall health and be able to undergo the complete term of pregnancy with the minimum amount of risk to her own health. Women who are considerably overweight, heavy smokers, drinkers or substance abusers are not suitable as surrogate mothers because of the associated risks to both to the woman and the baby.

Surrogacy is an emotionally and physically demanding task. It is important that a woman considering this option has the backing of her partner, family or friends to provide emotional support and practical help throughout and after the pregnancy. Surrogacy is not something to enter into lightly. All the emotional factors surrounding the decision must be viewed and reviewed carefully by the surrogate mother. Careful consideration must also be given to the medical, emotional, legal and practical issues, and to the implications of surrendering the child at birth to the deemed parents.

At Akanksha IVF Centre, we can help you to overcome all your anxieties and questions regarding surrogacy. Fix up an appointment immediately with us and we will clear all your doubts.